Tongkat Ali Plants

RM450.00


Tongkat Ali Plants
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Tongkat ali’ is famous for its aphrodisiac properties. Traditionally, it is used to treat several diseases and improve health. These ailments include

 

Tongkat ali’ is famous for its aphrodisiac properties. Traditionally, it is used to treat several diseases and improve health. These ailments include headaches, minor cuts, fungal infections (on the skin), dysentery, swellings, glandular problems, antileukaemia, antitumor, antiviral, insecticidal, anti-ameabic, antimalaria and anti-inflammatory. The main chemical components in the root of ‘tongkat ali’ are eurycomanone, eurycomalactone and eurycomanol (quassinoids).

Medicinal Properties and Usage:

Tongkat ali’ is famous for its aphrodisiac properties. Traditionally, it is used to treat several diseases and improve health. These ailments include headaches, minor cuts, fungal infections (on the skin), dysentery, swellings, glandular problems, antileukaemia, antitumor, antiviral, insecticidal, anti-ameabic, antimalaria and anti-inflammatory. The main chemical components in the root of ‘tongkat ali’ are eurycomanone, eurycomalactone and eurycomanol (quassinoids).

FIELD PREPARATION

Land Preparation:

Prior to planting, normal field operations such as land clearing, disc ploughing and rotovation are to be conducted. Field drainage system should also be established in areas that are easily waterlogged.

Production of Planting Materials:

The plant can be propagated by seeds. The fully ripe fruit is deep red in colour and can be sown directly in the sand. About 90% of the seeds will germinate 6-8 weeks after sowing. The seedlings are transferred to polybags measuring 15 cm x 20 cm before field planting. The seedlings are best planted in the field not exceeding 6 months in the nursery.

FIELD PLANTING

Planting holes measuring 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm are prepared and basal fertiliser consisting of 100 g Triple Super Phosphate (TSP), 100 g Ground Magnesium Limestone (GML) and 50 g processed chicken manure is applied. The recommended spacing for the monocropping system is 1.0 m within a row and 2.0 m between rows. This planting distance gives a planting density of 5,000 plants/ha. Planting should be done at the beginning of the rainy season. Studies have shown that the plant can also grow well as a monocrop in open planting. It can also be planted as an intercrop with young coconut, oil palm, fruit trees and in semi-cleared forest.

FIELD MAINTAINANCE

Fertilisation:

The interim recommendation for 1-year-old plants in the field is compound fertiliser NPK (15:15:15) and processed chicken manure both at the rate of 100 g/plant. Ground Magnesium Limestone (GML) is applied at the rate of  50 g/plant. The compound fertiliser NPK is divided equally into 4 parts and applied 4 times a year, whereas the chicken manure and GML are applied twice a year in equal amounts. For plants above two years, the rate is increased to 200 g/plant respectively for compound NPK and processed chicken manure. The rate for GML is 100 g/plant.

 

Weed Control:

Weeds are controlled by spraying contact weedicide, manually or by using a grasscutter.

 

Water Management:

Field planting should be conducted during the beginning of the rainy seasons in order to avoid planting stress. Supplementary irrigation by using drip system is applied during the early stages of crop growth.

 

Pest and Disease Control:

The main insect pests of ‘tongkat ali’ are tiger moth (Attera sciodoxa) and scale insects. The tiger moth larva feeds on the shoot and young leaves. The insect population increases at the start of rainy season since there are a lot of young shoots start growing. The biological insecticide Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) should be used to control the infestations. The scale insects attack both the mature leaves and young shoots. The scale insects can be controlled by using white oil. The incidence of sudden death syndrome can also affect young and actively growing plants. The pathogen causing the disease has not been identified.

 

HARVESTING

The main part used is the root. In the forest, harvesting is done by pulling out the whole plant manually or by using harvesting implements developed. The optimum harvesting age is not known. However, ‘tongkat ali’ plants at 2-3 years of age is found to start flowering and bearing fruit. At this age, the plant starts to mature. It is expected that cultivated ‘tongkat ali’ can be harvested as early as at this age. The expected potential yield for fresh roots per plant from an open field without shade is 0.8–1.2 kg. This estimated yield is for plants harvested 4 years after planting.

POSTHARVEST HANDLING

After harvesting, the roots are washed before drying. The roots can be sun-dried for a few days. They can also be dried in an oven at 40-50ºC for 72 hours. The roots are marketed in its natural form or finely sliced. Preferably the roots are first dried before they are sliced for easy processing.

ESTIMATED COST OF PRODUCTION

The estimated production cost per hectare of ‘tongkat ali’ monocrop for 4 years is RM36,000. This cost includes land preparation, seeds, planting, maintenance, harvesting and drying of product. With an estimated dried root yield of 3,000 kg/ha, the production cost is RM12.04/kg.


  • 996 Units in Stock


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